The graduate programs in biomedical engineering (M.S., Eng.Sc.D., Ph.D., M.D./Ph.D.) prepare students to apply the principles of engineering and applied science to problems in biology and medicine, to understand the dynamics of living systems, and to develop biomedical systems and devices. Modern engineering encompasses sophisticated approaches to measurement, acquisition, storage and analysis of data, model simulations, and materials and systems identification. These techniques are used in the study of individual cells, tissues, organs, and entire organisms. The increasing value of mathematical models in the analysis of living systems is an important sign of the success of contemporary biomedical engineering activity.